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The central and local governments have made more efforts to make clear

Release time:2022-01-20      Hit count:54

In the context of carbon peak and carbon neutralization, ministries and local governments are accelerating the green and low-carbon transformation of industry. The reporter learned that the "14th five year" industrial green development plan and the "14th five year" raw material industry development plan will be released soon. At the same time, relevant departments will formulate carbon peak implementation plans for key industries such as nonferrous metals, building materials and steel, clarify the implementation path of industrial carbon reduction, accelerate the development of strategic emerging industries and high-tech industries, and increase the proportion of clean energy consumption. Local governments also actively deploy, cultivate and expand green industries, accelerate the application of new generation information technology in green manufacturing, and create a number of green parks and green factories, so as to accelerate the green, low-carbon and high-quality development of industry.

Heavy policy brewing

At present, the overall level of industrial green development is constantly improving. According to the data of the Ministry of industry and information technology, the transformation and upgrading of China's traditional industries accelerated during the 13th Five Year Plan period. A total of 2121 green factories, 171 green industrial parks and 189 green supply chain enterprises were built, and the green manufacturing system was initially formed.

Green and low-carbon industrial development still faces many challenges. Dong Zhanfeng, deputy director of the Institute of management and policy of the Environmental Planning Institute of the Ministry of ecological environment, said that industry accounts for about 80% of the country's total carbon dioxide emissions, and its pollution and carbon reduction is the top priority. At present, China's overall industrial level is low, the structure is biased, and the layout is unreasonable. Among them, the energy consumption of the four high energy consuming industries of chemical industry, building materials, steel and nonferrous metals has always accounted for about 30% of the whole society. It is urgent to adjust the industrial structure and energy structure to promote the green development of industry.

Recently, many departments are carrying out intensive deployment to further improve the top-level design and promote green and low-carbon transformation and industrial structure optimization and upgrading. The Ministry of industry and information technology recently said that it will soon release the "14th five year plan" for industrial green development and the "14th five year plan" for raw material industry development, so as to promote the green and low-carbon transformation of industry and its high energy consuming industries and strengthen the supporting role of green manufacturing system from the aspects of industrial structure, energy consumption, production process, resource utilization and product supply, Increase efforts to reduce emissions and carbon from the source.

The Ministry of industry and information technology will promote the high-end transformation of industrial structure, resolutely curb the blind development of "two high" projects, improve and strictly implement relevant policies on capacity replacement, promote the elimination of backward production capacity, and develop strategic emerging industries and high-tech industries. Accelerate the transformation of low-carbon energy consumption, increase the proportion of clean energy consumption, and build a clean, efficient and low-carbon industrial energy consumption structure. At the same time, promote the recycling transformation of resource utilization, promote the large-scale comprehensive utilization of industrial solid waste and the economical utilization of water resources, and reduce the production of industrial solid waste and wastewater.

The Ministry of ecology and environment will basically establish a working mechanism for carbon emission environmental impact assessment of construction projects in key industries by the end of this year; By the end of June 2022, explore and form the evaluation technical method of collaborative control of pollutants and carbon emissions of construction projects, open up the integrated path of pollution source and carbon emission management, and realize the synergy of pollution reduction and carbon reduction from the source.

Local governments are also actively deploying to accelerate the green upgrading of industrial structure and build a green manufacturing industry system. For example, the three-year action plan for the optimization and improvement of green manufacturing in Jiujiang City recently proposed to vigorously promote the technological transformation of traditional industries, focus on key advantageous industries such as electronic information, new materials, energy conservation and environmental protection, cultivate and expand green industries, and focus on supporting the establishment of green manufacturing projects such as national and provincial green parks and green factories.

Two rounds of technical capital

Facing the "14th five year plan", many places will further use digital technology to promote industrial green and low-carbon development. The 14th five year plan for the construction of global advanced manufacturing base in Zhejiang Province issued on July 19 clearly puts forward to promote the integrated development of digital and green. Accelerate the application of new generation information technology in green manufacturing and cleaner production, and improve the digital level of green technology innovation, green manufacturing and operation and maintenance services. The 14th five year plan for the development of advanced manufacturing industry in Shanghai issued on July 5 clearly proposes to accelerate the deep integration of digital technology and green low-carbon industry and improve the level of green production management and cleaner production of enterprises.

Enterprises are also actively exploring. In Henan, the 5g + scrap grading system jointly built by Jiyuan Iron and steel and UFIDA smart industrial brain uses AI remote judgment instead of manual on-site operation, which greatly improves the accuracy of scrap judgment and promotes the recyclability of scrap. Cloudiip, the Internet platform of Dongfang Guoxin industry, focuses on ironmaking, heating, energy, cement and chemical industries, promotes the intelligent production and supply chain coordination of the whole process of enterprises, and reduces energy consumption. The relevant person in charge of the company told reporters that the industrial Internet platform helps enterprises optimize and control energy consumption and materials in the production process, timely adjust the production process and reduce pollutant emissions.

At the same time, financial and financial funds are also increasing support for industrial green and low-carbon transformation. According to the data of China interbank market dealers association, 44 enterprises issued 55 carbon neutral bonds of 72.9 billion yuan by the end of June since the first launch of carbon neutral bonds on February 9 this year. Among them, industrial low-carbon transformation is an important investment field.

It is reported that in the next step, green finance will continue to guide China's industrial green and low-carbon transformation. The central bank recently said that it will continue to explore fiscal and tax policies including subsidies, interest discounts and tax relief, as well as improve the supervision of the attractiveness of green credit and green bonds. At the same time, it will strengthen and improve the green financial evaluation mechanism and enhance the enthusiasm of market institutions to allocate green assets. The Ministry of finance also said that it would give full play to the role of financial funds in four or two ways, leverage financial resources and social capital to serve green development, and initiate the establishment of the national green development fund.

Zhejiang banking and Insurance Regulatory Bureau and other 10 departments jointly issued a document to bring six major fields including industry and green and low-carbon scientific and technological innovation into the scope of key support, and proposed to strive to increase the average annual growth rate of green credit in the province by more than 20% from 2021 to 2025, with the balance reaching 2.5 trillion yuan, accounting for 1 percentage point of each loan every year.

It is necessary to accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure

Industry experts believe that under the "double carbon" goal, industrial green and low-carbon still faces practical problems such as urgent adjustment of industrial and energy structure.

Wu Qi, executive director of Wuxi Digital Economy Research Institute, said that we should accelerate the pace of restructuring and integration of high energy consuming industries, increase R & D investment in new technologies related to green development, and promote the transformation and upgrading of China's industrial structure. "In particular, high energy consumption and high emission industries such as steel, petrochemical, building materials, cement and non-ferrous metals have higher and more urgent technical requirements for emission reduction and carbon reduction. Advanced leading enterprises in the industry are expected to further occupy competitive advantages, and the trend of merger, reorganization and integration is strengthened." Wu Qi said.

Dong Zhanfeng suggested that the industrial regional layout should be based on local policies, plan differentiated green development policies, strengthen the supervision and management of industrial energy consumption in the western region, focus on promoting the green development of regional characteristic industries, promote the high-end transformation of industrial structure, accelerate the low-carbon transformation of energy consumption, and promote the application of green energy in the industrial field. At the same time, in terms of technical structure, we will increase the R & D, promotion and application of new materials and technologies in the industrial field, study and carry out major demonstration projects for carbon reduction, and put forward a number of major energy-saving and carbon reduction technologies.

Relevant policy guarantees also need to be further improved. Dong Zhanfeng said that in the next step, we need to accelerate the introduction and implementation of more powerful market economy incentive policies, such as controlling bank credit for "two high" projects, and introducing financial subsidies and tax incentives for circular economy, low-carbon or zero carbon industries. Give play to the synergy of policies such as the guidance catalogue for industrial structure adjustment, such as adding carbon emission control requirements to the guidance catalogue for industrial structure adjustment. At the same time, strengthen the coordination between emission permits and carbon emission control policies, and set a total cap on carbon emission permits for industrial pollution sources, so as to comprehensively promote the green and low-carbon development of manufacturing industry.

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